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Fire Fighting Equipment Description

Every kind of business is at risk of disruption from a variety of threats such as floods, fire mishaps, loss of staff, or power outages. Fire mishap is a significant risk to all the trading companies. Fire disasters can be a life-threatening risk to the employees or visitors and can result in the loss of the assets of the business. The assets of the company matter a lot for its productivity and for the smooth and ongoing operation of that organization. Tackling any event of fire mishap can be very expensive for the company and can give a push back jerk to the success of the company. Fire disasters have a destructive impact on both life and property.

 

Fire disasters can negatively affect the company in many ways.

  1. Loss of productivity.
  2. Loss of staff.
  3. Complete failure of the company.
  4. Financial and legal penalties.
  5. Stock and infrastructure loss.
  6. Bankruptcy.
  7. Temporary shutdown.
  8. Negatively affect the Culture of the organization.
  9. Loss of Reputation in the market.

 

Proactive Planning can help the company avoid becoming one of these statistics.

 

 

What are the hazards of fire?

There are many kinds of risks that the organizations are facing, fire is one of them. There are many ignition sources of the fire. These areas as following.

 

Combustible and Waste materials:

Waste substances such as cardboard, paper when gathered in one place can cause provide fuel to the fire.

 

Combustible liquids:

Many flammable liquids like cleaners, adhesive, and solvents can cause a fire risk if not stored properly.

 

Dust:

Dust is the biggest cause of fire in the workplace. Smoke arises from plastic, wood and other substances can lead to breakdown and faults of the equipment and then can cause an explosion.

 

Heat generating objects:

Every kind of machinery that can overheat can cause an explosion.

 

Human negligence:

Human negligence and carelessness is the root cause of fire in the workplace.

 

What is firefighting?

Firefighting is any activity attempted to stop the spread of fire and cools down the fire in vehicles, offices, and homes. Firefighters defeat the fires for the protection of the lives, premises, and environment. Firefighters require very professional and high-level training. But there are many hazards associated with the fire suppressing operation.  During the process of fire extinguishing, firemen must carry self-contained berating apparatus because during this operation they may feel suffocation. Fire reliever must have the following skills for fire suppression

  1. Skills to rescue the situation.
  2. Mitigation of hazardous material.
  3. They must have knowledge of fire classes.
  4. Must have knowledge of the fire dynamics.
  5. They must be physically fit.
  6. Fire hose operations and streams.
  7. Technical knowledge of the equipment.

 

How To Control Fire Hazards?

We can handle the fire risk if we have a business continuity plan. Business Continuity plan provides a pre-planned response towards any un-expected event. The continuity plan also includes effective measures to reduce interruption in business operations. When we consider the continuity plan for the fire hazards then it must also include measures for effective handling of fire disasters. One of the measures is to install firefighting equipment.

 

Firefighting Equipment

It is the equipment that is used to extinguish the fire. Now a day we are all time surrounded by different machines or devices that can cause fire mishap. So we must have some of this equipment near us to tackle any fire hazard. So in this world full of risks firefighting equipment can be used to protect people and property. These are used to reduce the risk of small fires.

Firefighting equipment can be both:

  1. Fixed Firefighting equipment (fire hydrants, sprinkler systems).
  2. Portable Firefighting equipment (extinguishers, fire blankets).

 

Portable Firefighting Equipment

Portable Fire Fighting equipment is that equipment that is moveable and easy to use. It deals with fires that are on small scale and are detected by someone soon after ignition.  The purpose of portable firefighting equipment is to stop the small fires from spreading and from going out of control because when the fire is out of control it can cause destruction on a very massive level. In small premises, it is essential to have one or more portable fire suppressing equipment so that in case of fire hazards we can rescue the premises from destruction.

 

Fixed firefighting equipment?

Fixed fire suppressing equipment is that equipment that is not moveable and is used to protect buildings that contain critical and valuable equipment.   The system consists of several elements such as spray nozzles, deluge valves, fire tackling monitors, a gaseous fire suppression system, and a foam fire extinguishing system.

 

Categories Of Firefighting Equipment

 

Fire Alarm System:

There is a number of devices in a fire alarm system that work together to detect the fire and warn the people through alarm about an emergency when this device detects a fire, smoke, and other explosive material. These alarms can be activated automatically through smoke and heat detectors or they can be manually activated through devices such as pull stations or manual call points. Alarms can be moveable bell or horns. The main purpose of the fire alarm system is to warn the people about any emergency or to activate the fire department to take some necessary steps to prevent the spread of fire.

 

Fire Extinguishers:

It is a device that is used to blow out the fire. They are basically the cylinders which include different kinds of the extinguishing agent inside it. They are easy to move and operate. They are available in different sizes. Fire extinguishers are very effective and are high in demand. Fire extinguishers are of many types. In order to blow out the fire, we must know which type of fire extinguisher we need.

 

Fire Sprinkler System:

It is an active system that is used to protect things from fire. It consists of a water supply, has adequate pressure and flowrate to a water distribution piping system, and fire sprinklers are connected with it. This system is used in factories and large commercial buildings and is available at a very cost-effective price. They are used worldwide.

Fire Hydrant System:

It is also known as firelock. It is basically a connection point through which firemen can tap into the source of water supply. It is one of the important active fire protection devices. Most hydrants are designed to operate on full on or full off. The arrangement of valves is for the drain valve to be open at anything other than full operation. It is good to install valves on all openings before using a hydrant as the protective caps are unreliable. If it is not handled properly can cause serious injury. The fireman that are operating them must wear gloves and helmets.

Fire Suppression Systems:

A fire suppression system consists of a group of units that are built to put out the fire through the application of a substance. This system has built-in elements that detect fires at the initial stages through heat, smoke, and other emergency signals. These are connected to the alarm system that will alert you when the fire has been detected and warn people to take some initial steps to suppress the fire. Most of the time this system will automatically release the application of an external substance to put out the fire when it is detected. However, this system also has a manual application system.

 

Fire Extinguisher Ball:

This ball is a fire suppressant packaged in a close-packed and lightweight ball self-immolate in 3 to 5 seconds when it is thrown into the fire and release non-toxic chemicals to suppress the flames in an area with a radius ranging between 86 to 107 square feet. it is used for Class A, B, and C Fires at Home or offices. This ball is user friendly and does not require too much maintenance.

 

Fire Exit Door:

This is not just a door it is more than a simple door. Fire doors should be compliant and tested to BS 476 Part 22 or to the European equivalent BS EN 1634-1. BS EN 13502-2. Compatible fixings will be listed on the certificate for the fire door and should be fitted by a competent expert. These doors are fitted to the internal areas of a building to prevent the spread of fire and smoke from one area of a building to another thus allowing people to evacuate safely and to reduce the damage caused by explosion and smoke.

 

Fire Blanket:

A fire blanket is safety equipment designed to suppress the flames. It consists of a sheet of a fire retardant material that is placed over flames to smother the flames. Small fire blankets are used in kitchens and in-home are usually made of fiberglass and sometimes Kevlar, and are folded into a quick-release contraption for easy storage.
Fire blankets, along with fire suppressors, are fire safety items that can be useful in case of emergency. These blankets are nonflammable and are helpful in temperatures up to 900 degrees. They are helpful in smothering the flames by blocking the supply of oxygen. It is user-friendly and due to this simplicity, it is high in demand. Larger fire blankets, for use in laboratory and industrial situations, are made of wool. These blankets are usually mounted in vertical quick-release containers so that they can be easily pulled out and wrapped around a person whose clothes are on fire.

 

Firefighting Pump:

A fire-fighting pump is a pump that is used for pumping fire-fighting water. Fire-fighting pumps can be designed for transporting use (e. g. on fire-fighting vehicles or as portable fire pumps) or for stationary use (such as hydrants, sprinkler systems).
Fire pumps are needed when the municipal water system cannot provide sufficient pressure to meet the hydraulic design requirements of the fire sprinkler system. This usually occurs if the building is very tall, or in systems that require a relatively high terminal pressure at the fire sprinkler in order to provide a large volume of water, such as in storage warehouses. Fire pumps are also needed if a fire protection water supply is provided from a ground-level water storage tank.

 

Fire Fighting Equipment

Fire suppressing equipment is available in all major cities of Pakistan. Due to the high risk, this equipment is in high demand. Universal Fire Protection CO Pvt is the supplier of this equipment. Universal Fire Protection CO Pvt is providing equipment in Rawalpindi, Islamabad, Lahore, and Karachi. If you want to purchase fire suppressing equipment, feel free to contact us. We will provide you at your doorsteps.